Emotional, motivational and interpersonal responsiveness of children with autism in improvisational music therapy.

Through behavioural analysis, this study investigated the social-motivational aspects of musical interaction between the child and the therapist in improvisational music therapy by measuring emotional, motivational and interpersonal responsiveness in children with autism during joint engagement episodes. The randomized controlled study (n = 10) employed a single subject comparison design in two different conditions, improvisational music therapy and toy play sessions, and DVD analysis of sessions. Improvisational music therapy produced markedly more and longer events of 'joy', 'emotional synchronicity' and 'initiation of engagement' behaviours in the children than toy play sessions. In response to the therapist's interpersonal demands, 'compliant (positive) responses' were observed more in music therapy than in toy play sessions, and 'no responses' were twice as frequent in toy play sessions as in music therapy. The results of this exploratory study found significant evidence supporting the value of music therapy in promoting social, emotional and motivational development in children with autism.
AuthorsJinah Kim, Tony Wigram, Christian Gold
JournalAutism : the international journal of research and practice (Autism) Vol. 13 Issue 4 Pg. 389-409 (Jul 2009) ISSN: 1362-3613 [Print] England
PMID19535468 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
  • Autistic Disorder (diagnosis, psychology, therapy)
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motivation
  • Music Therapy (methods)
  • Play and Playthings
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Treatment Outcome

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: