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Secondary metabolites from Eurotium species, Aspergillus calidoustus and A. insuetus common in Canadian homes with a review of their chemistry and biological activities.

Abstract
As part of studies of metabolites from fungi common in the built environment in Canadian homes, we investigated metabolites from strains of three Eurotium species, namely E. herbariorum, E. amstelodami, and E. rubrum as well as a number of isolates provisionally identified as Aspergillus ustus. The latter have been recently assigned as the new species A. insuetus and A. calidoustus. E. amstelodami produced neoechinulin A and neoechinulin B, epiheveadride, flavoglaucin, auroglaucin, and isotetrahydroauroglaucin as major metabolites. Minor metabolites included echinulin, preechinulin and neoechinulin E. E. rubrum produced all of these metabolites, but epiheveadride was detected as a minor metabolite. E. herbariorum produced cladosporin as a major metabolite, in addition to those found in E. amstelodami. This species also produced questin and neoechinulin E as minor metabolites. This is the first report of epiheveadride occurring as a natural product, and the first nonadride isolated from Eurotium species. Unlike strains from mainly infection-related samples, largely from Europe, neither ophiobolins G and H nor austins were detected in the Canadian strains of A. insuetus and A. calidoustus tested, all of which had been reported from the latter species. TMC-120 A, B, C and a sesquiterpene drimane are reported with certainty for the first time from indoor isolates, as well as two novel related methyl isoquinoline alkaloids.
AuthorsGregory J Slack, Eva Puniani, Jens C Frisvad, Robert A Samson, J David Miller
JournalMycological research (Mycol Res) Vol. 113 Issue Pt 4 Pg. 480-90 (Apr 2009) ISSN: 1469-8102 [Electronic] England
PMID19422073 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Alkaloids
  • Gentisates
  • Piperazines
  • neoechinulin
  • flavoglaucin
Topics
  • Air Microbiology
  • Alkaloids (metabolism)
  • Aspergillus (chemistry, isolation & purification, metabolism)
  • Canada
  • Eurotium (chemistry, isolation & purification, metabolism)
  • Gentisates (metabolism)
  • Housing
  • Piperazines (metabolism)

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