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Effect of deletion of a plant like pentapeptide insert on kinetic, structural and immunological properties of enolase from Plasmodium falciparum.

Abstract
Plasmodium falciparum enolase (Pfen) is of photosynthetic lineage as evident from the presence of a plant like pentapeptide insert (104)EWGWS(108) in a highly conserved surface loop of the protein. Such a unique region which is absent in human enolase, constitutes an excellent target for inhibitor design, provided its essentiality for function could be demonstrated. A deletion Pfen lacking this insert was made and the effect of this deletion on activity and structure was assessed. Deletion of insert resulted in approximately 100-fold decrease in k(cat)/K(m) and caused dissociation of dimeric form into monomers. Since the parasite enolase localizes on the merozoite surface and confers partial protection against malaria [I. Pal-Bhowmick, M. Mehta, I. Coppens, S. Sharma, G.K. Jarori, Infect. Immun. 75(11) (2007) 5500-5008], the possibility of the insert being involved in protective response was examined. Serum from Pfen vaccinated mouse which showed prolonged survival to parasite challenge had negligible reactivity against deletion protein as compared to wild type enolase. These results indicate that the insert sequence is required for the full enolase activity and may constitute the protective antigenic epitope in parasite enolase.
AuthorsHardeep K Vora, Farooque Razvi Shaik, Ipsita Pal-Bhowmick, Rubul Mout, Gotam K Jarori
JournalArchives of biochemistry and biophysics (Arch Biochem Biophys) Vol. 485 Issue 2 Pg. 128-38 (May 15 2009) ISSN: 1096-0384 [Electronic] United States
PMID19268421 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • DNA Primers
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
Topics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
  • Circular Dichroism
  • DNA Primers
  • Dimerization
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphopyruvate Hydratase (chemistry, immunology, metabolism)
  • Plasmodium falciparum (enzymology)
  • Protein Conformation
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence

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