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Antibody recognition of a highly conserved influenza virus epitope.

Abstract
Influenza virus presents an important and persistent threat to public health worldwide, and current vaccines provide immunity to viral isolates similar to the vaccine strain. High-affinity antibodies against a conserved epitope could provide immunity to the diverse influenza subtypes and protection against future pandemic viruses. Cocrystal structures were determined at 2.2 and 2.7 angstrom resolutions for broadly neutralizing human antibody CR6261 Fab in complexes with the major surface antigen (hemagglutinin, HA) from viruses responsible for the 1918 H1N1 influenza pandemic and a recent lethal case of H5N1 avian influenza. In contrast to other structurally characterized influenza antibodies, CR6261 recognizes a highly conserved helical region in the membrane-proximal stem of HA1 and HA2. The antibody neutralizes the virus by blocking conformational rearrangements associated with membrane fusion. The CR6261 epitope identified here should accelerate the design and implementation of improved vaccines that can elicit CR6261-like antibodies, as well as antibody-based therapies for the treatment of influenza.
AuthorsDamian C Ekiert, Gira Bhabha, Marc-André Elsliger, Robert H E Friesen, Mandy Jongeneelen, Mark Throsby, Jaap Goudsmit, Ian A Wilson
JournalScience (New York, N.Y.) (Science) Vol. 324 Issue 5924 Pg. 246-51 (Apr 10 2009) ISSN: 1095-9203 [Electronic] United States
PMID19251591 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Antigens, Viral
  • Epitopes
  • Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
  • Influenza Vaccines
  • hemagglutinin, avian influenza A virus
  • hemagglutinin, human influenza A virus
Topics
  • Antibodies, Viral (chemistry, immunology)
  • Antibody Affinity
  • Antigens, Viral (chemistry, immunology)
  • Binding Sites, Antibody
  • Crystallization
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Epitopes (immunology)
  • Glycosylation
  • Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus (chemistry, immunology)
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments (chemistry, immunology)
  • Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype (immunology)
  • Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype (immunology)
  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Membrane Fusion
  • Models, Molecular
  • Neutralization Tests
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary

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