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Caseinolytic protease: a protein vaccine which could elicit serotype-independent protection against invasive pneumococcal infection.

Abstract
Invasive pneumococcal diseases incur significant mortality, morbidity and economic costs. The most effective strategy currently available to reduce the burden of these diseases is vaccination. In this study, we evaluated the protective efficacy of immunizing mice with caseinolytic protease (ClpP) protein antigen whose gene sequences were shown to be highly conserved in different strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae in an invasive-disease model (intraperitoneal infection model), and protection against invasive challenge with 12 different serotypes of S. pneumoniae was assessed in two murine strains. Our findings demonstrated that active immunization with ClpP and passive immunization with antibodies specific for ClpP could elicit serotype-independent protection effectively against invasive pneumococcal infection. Therefore, to our knowledge, this study is the first report that immunization with single pneumococcal ClpP protein antigen could protect against such broad-range pneumococal strains, which thus supports the development of ClpP as a human penumococcal vaccine.
AuthorsJ Cao, D Li, Y Gong, N Yin, T Chen, C K Wong, W Xu, J Luo, X Zhang, C W K Lam, Y Yin
JournalClinical and experimental immunology (Clin Exp Immunol) Vol. 156 Issue 1 Pg. 52-60 (Apr 2009) ISSN: 1365-2249 [Electronic] England
PMID19220325 (Publication Type: Evaluation Studies, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • ClpP protein, Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Serine Endopeptidases
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial (biosynthesis)
  • Bacterial Proteins (genetics, immunology, metabolism)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Immunization, Passive
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Pneumococcal Infections (immunology, prevention & control)
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines (immunology)
  • Serine Endopeptidases (genetics, immunology, metabolism)
  • Species Specificity
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae (classification, genetics, immunology, metabolism)

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