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Neutralization of Shwartzman-inducing activity by antibodies recognizing the Re core or lipid A structures of lipopolysaccharide from Salmonella minnesota R595 and Pseudomonas vesicularis JCM1477.

Abstract
Antibodies recognizing the Re core or lipid A structures of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from Salmonella minnesota R595 and Pseudomonas vesicularis JCM1477 were tested for the ability to neutralize the preparatory activity of endotoxin using the local Shwartzman reaction. Shwartzman-inducing activity of R595 LPS (Re-form) was strongly suppressed when the LPS was incubated with the rabbit anti-R595 antiserum or the purified IgG antibody which recognizes core region of the LPS. The antiserum also suppressed the preparatory activity of LPS from S. typhimurium SL1102 (Re) and Escherichia coli F515 (Re), but not that of either S. typhimurium LT-2 (S) LPS or R595 lipid A. Moreover, it was found that the murine monoclonal antibody (MAb), SmRe100G (IgG2a) which recognizes the core region of R595 LPS, significantly suppressed the preparatory activity of R595 LPS. Both conventional antibodies specific to R595 lipid A, which contains a 1,4'-bisphosphorylated beta-D-glucosaminyl-alpha-D-glucosamine disaccharide structure, and JCM1477 lipid A, which contains a monophosphorylated 3-amino-D-glucosamine disaccharide structure, neutralized the preparatory activity of homologous and a closely related lipid A, but not that of LPS. In addition, it was observed that MAb Sm5G (IgG2b) specific to enterobacterial lipid A preparations (especially R595 lipid A) neutralized the preparatory activity of R595 lipid A, although the effect was somewhat weak as compared with that of rabbit antiserum. These results suggest that anti-Re LPS antibody binding to the core of Re LPS is involved in suppressing the endotoxic activity of Re LPS, and that the direct binding of anti-lipid A antibody to some specific epitopes of lipid A is important in neutralizing the endotoxic activity.
AuthorsJ Mashimo, T Mizutani, A Mita, N Kasai
JournalMicrobiology and immunology (Microbiol Immunol) Vol. 35 Issue 6 Pg. 423-34 ( 1991) ISSN: 0385-5600 [Print] JAPAN
PMID1921759 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Endotoxins
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Lipid A
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • core endotoxin
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial (immunology)
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Endotoxins (immunology)
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Immunoglobulin G (immunology)
  • Lipid A (immunology)
  • Lipopolysaccharides (immunology)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Pseudomonas (immunology)
  • Rabbits
  • Salmonella (immunology)
  • Shwartzman Phenomenon

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