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Structure-activity relationship analysis of novel derivatives of narciclasine (an Amaryllidaceae isocarbostyril derivative) as potential anticancer agents.

Abstract
Narciclasine (1) is a plant growth regulator that has been previously demonstrated to be proapoptotic to cancer cells at high concentrations (> or = 1 microM). Data generated in the present study show that narciclasine displays potent antitumor effects in apoptosis-resistant as well as in apoptosis-sensitive cancer cells by impairing the organization of the actin cytoskeleton in cancer cells at concentrations that are not cytotoxic (IC(50) values of 30-90 nM). The current study further revealed that any chemical modification to the narciclasine backbone generally led to compounds of variable stability, weaker activity, or even the complete loss of antiproliferative effects in vitro. However, one hemisynthetic derivative of narciclasine, compound 7k, demonstrated by both the intravenous and oral routes higher in vivo antitumor activity in human orthotopic glioma models in mice when compared to narciclasine at nontoxic doses. Narciclasine and compound 7k may therefore be of potential use to combat brain tumors.
AuthorsLaurent Ingrassia, Florence Lefranc, Janique Dewelle, Laurent Pottier, Véronique Mathieu, Sabine Spiegl-Kreinecker, Sébastien Sauvage, Mohamed El Yazidi, Mischaël Dehoux, Walter Berger, Eric Van Quaquebeke, Robert Kiss
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry (J Med Chem) Vol. 52 Issue 4 Pg. 1100-14 (Feb 26 2009) ISSN: 1520-4804 [Electronic] United States
PMID19199649 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Phenanthridines
  • narciclasine
Topics
  • Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids (chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents (chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Drug Administration Routes
  • Drug Stability
  • Glioma (drug therapy)
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Phenanthridines (chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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