Evidence that 13-14 di-hydro, 15-keto prostaglandin D(2)-induced airway eosinophilia in guinea-pigs is independent of interleukin-5.

Prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) has been shown to cause eosinophil, basophil and Th2 cell chemotaxis in vitro and in vivo through an action on the prostaglandin CRTH2 receptor. In the present study, the dependence of PGD(2)-induced eosinophil accumulation in vivo on interleukin-5 (IL-5) blood eosinophilia was investigated.
Guinea-pigs were exposed to aerosols of 13,14di-hydro 15-keto PGD(2) (DK-PGD(2)) or platelet activating factor (PAF) and the eosinophil content of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid or blood determined. In some experiments, DK-PGD(2) was administered systemically and eosinophilia measured.
Aerosols of DK-PGD(2) caused eosinophil accumulation in the lungs 24h after exposure. DK-PGD(2) (10 microg x ml(-1)) -induced airway eosinophilia was inhibited when animals were treated with the CRTH2 receptor antagonist ramatroban. 1-4h after exposure to DK-PGD(2) a significant decrease in blood eosinophil count was measured. The anti-IL-5 antibody TRFK-5 had no inhibitory effect of DK-PGD(2)-induced airway eosinophilia, but abolished airway eosinophilia induced by exposure of guinea-pigs to aerosols of PAF. Intracardiac injection of DK-PGD(2) induced a dose-related increase in blood eosinophil numbers.
It is concluded that, in the guinea-pig, DK-PGD(2)-induced airway eosinophilia is mediated by an action on prostaglandin CRTH2 receptors and that this response appears to be independent of IL-5.
AuthorsC J Whelan
JournalInflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.] (Inflamm Res) Vol. 58 Issue 2 Pg. 103-8 (Feb 2009) ISSN: 1420-908X [Electronic] Switzerland
PMID19184361 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Carbazoles
  • Interleukin-5
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin
  • Sulfonamides
  • prostaglandin D2 receptor
  • ramatroban
  • Prostaglandin D2
  • Animals
  • Carbazoles (pharmacology)
  • Eosinophilia (chemically induced)
  • Female
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-5 (immunology)
  • Lung (drug effects, immunology)
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors (pharmacology)
  • Prostaglandin D2 (analogs & derivatives, immunology, pharmacology)
  • Receptors, Immunologic (agonists, metabolism)
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin (agonists, metabolism)
  • Sulfonamides (pharmacology)

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