Inhibition of estrone sulfatase enzyme in human placenta and human breast carcinoma.

Estrone sulfatase is an important mechanism of local synthesis of biologically active estrogens in human breast cancer. The human placental microsome and breast carcinoma mitochondrial/microsomal estrone sulfatase activity were characterized and inhibition studies performed. The Km of the placental tissue enzyme was 6.83 microM, Vmax 0.015 nmol/min/mg, and for the breast carcinoma tissue Km was 8.91 microM and Vmax 0.022 nmol/min/mg. Danazol produced a significant inhibition of estrone sulfatase (20% with 50 microM danazol). No significant inhibition was seen in the presence of aminoglutethimide, rogletimide, tamoxifen, 4-hydroxyandrostenedione, stilboestrol, or any metabolites of danazol or tamoxifen. Studies with synthetic and naturally occurring steroids demonstrated that the presence of a sulfate group at the 3 position to be the most important factor in determining inhibition, and the most potent inhibitor was 5 alpha-androstene-3 beta,17 beta-diol-3-sulfate (Ki of 2.0 microM). The naturally occurring 3-sulfated steroids all demonstrated competitive inhibition. These studies could form the basis for the design of a potent estrone sulfatase inhibitor which would have potential therapeutic activity in the management of breast cancer.
AuthorsT R Evans, M G Rowlands, M Jarman, R C Coombes
JournalThe Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology (J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol) Vol. 39 Issue 4A Pg. 493-9 (Oct 1991) ISSN: 0960-0760 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID1911438 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Androgens
  • Estrogen Antagonists
  • Estrogens
  • Sulfatases
  • estrone sulfatase
  • Danazol
  • Androgens (pharmacology)
  • Breast Neoplasms (enzymology)
  • Cell Nucleus (enzymology)
  • Danazol (pharmacology)
  • Estrogen Antagonists (pharmacology)
  • Estrogens (pharmacology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Microsomes (enzymology)
  • Mitochondria (enzymology)
  • Placenta (enzymology)
  • Pregnancy
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Sulfatases (antagonists & inhibitors)

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