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Electrocardiography screening for cardiotoxicity after modified Vaccinia Ankara vaccination.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Symptomatic myopericarditis has been described after smallpox vaccination using replication-competent vaccinia strains.
METHODS:
We examined the incidence of new electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities and evaluated the safety and immunogenicity related to vaccination. Volunteer subjects (n=90) aged 18 to 32 years were enrolled in a National Institutes of Health-sponsored phase I smallpox vaccination trial (Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 02-017) and observed over a 26-week period after 2 injections of IMVAMUNE, Modified Vaccinia Ankara vaccine (Bavarian Nordic A/S, Copenhagen, DK), followed by scarification with Dryvax (Wyeth Laboratories, Marietta, Penn). Diagnostic computer-derived ECG statements were available to the clinical study team and compared with those of a board-certified cardiologist who independently read the ECG tracings.
RESULTS:
Serial ECG tracings available for 89 of the subjects revealed new ST-segment abnormalities in 2.2% and new T-wave abnormalities in 15.7%; the majority (71.4%) resolved on subsequent tracings. Cardiologist over-read of computer statements resulted in frequent changes in readings, particularly negation of cardiac arrhythmias. A cardiology consultation was requested in 17 subjects for nonspecific cardiac symptoms or new abnormal ECG findings. Echocardiograms were performed in 12 of the 17 subjects and were normal except for 1 subject with possible myopericarditis after receiving Dryvax.
CONCLUSION:
New minor ECG abnormalities are common in apparently young healthy volunteers considered for smallpox vaccination trials. Cardiologist over-read of computer-generated ECG statements in vaccine trials using ECG as a screening tool for safety can reduce false-positive computer-determined ECG diagnoses and the need for inappropriate cardiology referral and additional noninvasive testing.
AuthorsJunko Sano, Bernard R Chaitman, Jason Swindle, Sharon E Frey
JournalThe American journal of medicine (Am J Med) Vol. 122 Issue 1 Pg. 79-84 (Jan 2009) ISSN: 1555-7162 [Electronic] United States
PMID19114175 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural)
Chemical References
  • Smallpox Vaccine
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases (chemically induced)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Smallpox Vaccine (adverse effects, immunology)

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