Waldenström's macroglobulinemia: long-term results with the M-2 protocol.

Thirty-three patients with symptomatic Waldenström's macroglobulinemia have been treated with the M-2 protocol (BCNU, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, melphalan, and prednisone). Therapy was administered every 5 weeks for 2 years and every 10 weeks for an additional 1-3 years. Median clinical and laboratory parameters included age 70 years (range 52-87), performance status 1 (1-3), prior therapy 7, weight loss 12, symptomatic hyperviscosity 13, splenomegaly 22, lymphadenopathy 7, hemoglobin 9.6 g/dl (6.7-14.6), IgM paraprotein level 2000 mg% (340-11,600), and serum viscosity 2.1 (1.4-6.0). Responses were observed in 27 patients, of whom 21 were partial responses. Survival ranges from 1 to 120+ months with 58% of patients projected to be alive at 10 years. Twenty-one patients remain alive, of whom 10 are greater than or equal to 6 years from initiation of therapy with M-2. Treatment has been well tolerated with usually only mild to moderate hematologic toxicity. Median nadir white blood cells during the first cycle was 3000/mm3 (1000-5500). Peripheral neuropathy was seen in 54% secondary to vincristine. Nausea/vomiting, anemia requiring transfusions, and alopecia were each noted in approximately 25% of patients. Sepsis was observed in 2 patients. Two characteristics, age and prior therapy, were found to be of borderline statistical significance (p = 0.03) using univariate analysis but were not significant with multivariate analysis. The M-2 protocol may be able to produce prolonged survival in the majority of patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Additional trials are needed to develop recommendations for therapy as well as factors predictive for survival and suitability for treatment.
AuthorsD C Case Jr, T J Ervin, M A Boyd, D L Redfield
JournalCancer investigation (Cancer Invest) Vol. 9 Issue 1 Pg. 1-7 ( 1991) ISSN: 0735-7907 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1901509 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Vincristine
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Melphalan
  • Carmustine
  • Prednisone
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Carmustine (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Cyclophosphamide (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Humans
  • Leukopenia (chemically induced)
  • Melphalan (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Nausea (chemically induced)
  • Prednisone (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Vincristine (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Vomiting (chemically induced)
  • Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (drug therapy, mortality)

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