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Methemoglobin effects on coagulation: a dose-response study with HBOC-200 (Oxyglobin) in a thrombelastogram model.

AbstractOBJECTIVES:
Because oxidation affects platelet and coagulation factors, hemoglobin auto-oxidation in HBOCs results in the transformation to methemoglobin, which may have additive adverse effects on coagulation. The risk of coagulopathy after different dilutions of HBOC-200 with low and high methemoglobin concentrations was studied.
DESIGN:
A laboratory study on donor blood using thromboelastography (TEG; Haemoscope, Niles, IL).
SETTING:
A university laboratory.
PARTICIPANTS:
Volunteer donor blood.
INTERVENTIONS:
Blood samples simulated hemodilution during clinical resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock with varying doses of HBOC-200 (Oxyglobin; Biopure Corp, Cambridge, MA). Coagulopathy related to 1:11, 1:5, 1:2, and 1:1 dilution of whole blood with HBOC-200 high methemoglobin concentrations (65%) and HBOC-200 low methemoglobin concentrations (1%) were analyzed.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
Analysis of fixed effects of dilution on coagulation showed that the progressive dilution of HBOC-200 (low methemoglobin) and HBOC-200 (high methemoglobin) produced significant prolongation in reaction time (R) and clot propagation (K) and significant decreases in clot kinetics (alpha) and clot strength (MA and G). Analysis of fixed effects of treatment group on coagulation showed that clot propagation (K, alpha) and clot strength (MA and G) are significantly different in HBOC-200 (high methemoglobin) compared with HBOC-200 (low methemoglobin).
CONCLUSIONS:
High methemoglobin concentrations in HBOC-200 cause additive coagulation impairment that likely results from the effects of oxidative substances on platelet function and coagulation proteins. Oxidative products adversely react with coagulation factors and modify redox-sensitive sites in the platelets. Therefore, if methemoglobinemia occurs as a result of HBOC administration and if the levels are significantly elevated (greater than 10%), impairment of coagulation is possible.
AuthorsMojgan Moallempour, Jonathan S Jahr, Jennifer C Lim, David Weeks, Anthony Butch, Bernd Driessen
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia (J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth) Vol. 23 Issue 1 Pg. 41-7 (Feb 2009) ISSN: 1532-8422 [Electronic] United States
PMID18834828 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Drug Combinations
  • Hemoglobins
  • hemoglobin glutamer-200
  • Methemoglobin
Topics
  • Blood Coagulation (drug effects, physiology)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Combinations
  • Hemoglobins (pharmacology)
  • Humans
  • Methemoglobin (physiology)
  • Thrombelastography (methods)

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