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Vasorelaxant effect of C16-PAF and C18-PAF on renal blood flow and systemic blood pressure in the anesthetized rat.

Abstract
The renal vasoactive and systemic hypotensive effects of platelet activating factor (C16:0-PAF and C18:1-PAF) were examined in anesthetized male Wistar rats. Bolus injections of C16-PAF (0.5-25 ng/kg) and C18-PAF (2.5-200 ng/kg) into the arterial circulation of the kidney produced increases in renal blood flow (6-15%) before causing dose-dependent systemic hypotension (2-64 mmHg). The dose-response curves for renal blood flow and systemic blood pressure generated by intrarenal C18-PAF administration were approximately 7 fold to the right of the dose-response curves generated by C16-DPAF. Intrarenal injections of vehicle or the biologically inactive enantiomer C16-DPAF (25-200 ng/kg) did not affect renal blood flow or systemic blood pressure. These results suggest that C16:0-PAF is a more potent renal vasodilator and hypotensive lipid than C18:1-PAF.
AuthorsR K Handa, J W Strandhoy, V M Buckalew Jr
JournalLife sciences (Life Sci) Vol. 49 Issue 10 Pg. 747-52 ( 1991) ISSN: 0024-3205 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID1875784 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Platelet Activating Factor
  • Vasodilator Agents
Topics
  • Anesthesia
  • Animals
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Kidney (blood supply)
  • Male
  • Muscle Relaxation (drug effects)
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular (drug effects)
  • Platelet Activating Factor (pharmacology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Regional Blood Flow (drug effects)
  • Vasodilator Agents

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