Selected combination therapy with sorafenib: a review of clinical data and perspectives in advanced solid tumors.

The development of targeted therapies has provided new options for the management of patients with advanced solid tumors. There has been particular interest in agents that target the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, which controls tumor growth and survival and promotes angiogenesis. Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that has been proven effective as a single-agent therapy in renal cell carcinoma, and there is a strong rationale for investigating its use in combination with other agents. In particular, targeting multiple Raf isoforms with sorafenib may help to overcome resistance to other agents, while the ability of sorafenib to induce apoptosis may increase the cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents. Based on positive results in preclinical studies, further investigation in phase I and II studies has shown potential antitumor activity when sorafenib is combined with cytotoxic agents in different solid tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma and melanoma. Promising results have been reported in phase I and II studies of sorafenib combined with paclitaxel and carboplatin, with oxaliplatin in gastric and colorectal cancer, with docetaxel in breast cancer, with gemcitabine in ovarian cancer, and with capecitabine in different solid tumors. Phase II and III studies are currently investigating the use of sorafenib in combination with different agents in a variety of solid tumors. The primary objective of this review is to summarize the early clinical studies of sorafenib with cytotoxic agents and discuss future perspectives of these combinations in different tumor types.
AuthorsLissandra Dal Lago, Véronique D'Hondt, Ahmad Awada
JournalThe oncologist (Oncologist) Vol. 13 Issue 8 Pg. 845-58 (Aug 2008) ISSN: 1549-490X [Electronic] United States
PMID18695262 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Review)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Benzenesulfonates
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Pyridines
  • Niacinamide
  • sorafenib
  • Antineoplastic Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
  • Benzenesulfonates (therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms (drug therapy)
  • Niacinamide (analogs & derivatives)
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Pyridines (therapeutic use)

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