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Raloxifene in breast cancer prevention.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Raloxifene is a benzothiophene, selective estrogen receptor modulator with estrogen-agonist effects in the skeleton and the cardiovascular system but estrogen-antagonist effects in the uterus and the mammary gland. This compound was first approved in different countries for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
OBJECTIVE/METHODS:
We performed a literature search to review available preclinical and clinical data that has led to the recent FDA approval of raloxifene as a chemopreventive agent for breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS:
Different placebo-controlled trials indicated that raloxifene is effective in reducing invasive breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women. In a recent comparative study, a similar efficacy between raloxifene and tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention was demonstrated, but raloxifene showed a more favorable safety profile.
AuthorsLuigi Gennari, Daniela Merlotti, Vincenzo De Paola, Ranuccio Nuti
JournalExpert opinion on drug safety (Expert Opin Drug Saf) Vol. 7 Issue 3 Pg. 259-70 (May 2008) ISSN: 1744-764X [Electronic] England
PMID18462184 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents
  • Estrogen Antagonists
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
  • Raloxifene Hydrochloride
Topics
  • Animals
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents (adverse effects, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Breast Neoplasms (prevention & control)
  • Estrogen Antagonists (adverse effects, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Postmenopause
  • Raloxifene Hydrochloride (adverse effects, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (adverse effects, pharmacology, therapeutic use)

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