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Lyophilized Cheliensisin A submicron emulsion for intravenous injection: characterization, in vitro and in vivo antitumor effect.

Abstract
Growing attentions have been focused on natural antitumor drugs. Recently, a novel and potent antitumor drug Cheliensisin A (GC-51) with broad-spectrum efficiency has been developed. However, due to its poor water solubility and chemical instability, choosing the appropriate dosage form is of great significance. This study aimed at developing a lyophilized submicron emulsion for GC-51 and further improving the therapeutic index of the drug. The resultant lyophilized GC-51 submicron emulsion was much more stable than its solution, which can be stored for years without significant change on physicochemical properties. And its solubility was increased from 6.74+/-0.14 to 2.00+/-0.10 mg mL(-1). The 50% inhibitory concentration IC50 values were calculated from growth curves by MTT assay on various tumor cell lines. Compared with the IC50 of GC-51 crude drug, that of lyophilized GC-51 submicron emulsion decreased from 24.04+/-1.97 to 8.23+/-1.84 microg mL(-1) on HepG2, and from 31.08+/-2.56 to 10.85+/-2.09 microg mL(-1) on CT-26, from 17.90+/-1.83 to 7.49+/-1.87 microg mL(-1) on HeLa and from 16.38+/-2.41 to 10.13+/-2.12 microg mL(-1) on A549, respectively. In the time-dependent assay of tumor cell viability, lyophilized GC-51 submicron emulsion exhibited significantly lower inhibition rate in the initial action times, but increased gradually afterwards. That means lyophilized submicron emulsion as the vector for GC-51 had some protective and delayed release effect. Further, the in vivo therapeutic efficacy was measured in pulmonary metastasis of colon cancer-bearing BALB/c mice model. An obvious enhanced antitumor activity was observed after administration of lyophilized GC-51 submicron emulsion (P<0.05), which increased from 22.78+/-3.5 to 41.42+/-4.2% compared with GC-51 injection. And the life span of tumor-bearing mice in lyophilized GC-51 submicron emulsion group was significantly longer than that of the mice in GC-51 injection and normal saline groups. Compared with crude drug, the lyophilized GC-51 submicron emulsion showed a significantly higher antitumor efficiency both in vivo and in vitro, suggesting a potential application in tumor chemotherapy.
AuthorsDong Zhao, Tao Gong, Yao Fu, Yu Nie, Li-Li He, Jie Liu, Zhi-Rong Zhang
JournalInternational journal of pharmaceutics (Int J Pharm) Vol. 357 Issue 1-2 Pg. 139-47 (Jun 5 2008) ISSN: 0378-5173 [Print] Netherlands
PMID18329194 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
  • Emulsions
  • Epoxy Compounds
  • Pyrones
  • cheliensisin A
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic (administration & dosage, chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Chemistry, Physical
  • Colonic Neoplasms (pathology)
  • Drug Stability
  • Electrochemistry
  • Emulsions
  • Epoxy Compounds (administration & dosage, chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Female
  • Freeze Drying
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Lung Neoplasms (drug therapy, secondary)
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
  • Nanoparticles
  • Particle Size
  • Physicochemical Phenomena
  • Pyrones (administration & dosage, chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Solubility
  • Survival Analysis

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