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Chronic stretching of amniotic epithelial cells increases pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF/visfatin) expression and protects them from apoptosis.

Abstract
In normal pregnancy, the fetal membranes become increasingly distended towards term and in multifetal gestations they become over-distended. Apoptosis of the amniotic epithelium increases with advancing gestation and may contribute to fetal membrane weakening and rupture. The effects of chronic static stretching for 36h have been investigated using primary amniotic epithelial cells. Pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) is a stretch-responsive cytokine and expression of its gene, intracellular and secreted protein were all significantly increased by 4h and its secretion sustained over 36h, contrasting with the rapid increase and decline in expression of IL-8. Increased expression of SIRT1 and decreased p53 paralleled the changes in PBEF, are known to be responsive to PBEF, and contribute to cell survival. Distension had no effects on proliferation or necrosis but protected the cells from apoptosis, knocking-down PBEF with antisense probes abrogated this protective effect. There was increased immunostaining of PBEF in the compact layer of the amnion in multifetal tissues and significantly fewer apoptotic amniotic epithelial cells. These results show that chronic stretching of the amniotic epithelial cells increases PBEF expression, which protects them from apoptosis.
AuthorsC E Kendal-Wright, D Hubbard, G D Bryant-Greenwood
JournalPlacenta (Placenta) Vol. 29 Issue 3 Pg. 255-65 (Mar 2008) ISSN: 0143-4004 [Print] England
PMID18272217 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Cytokines
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase
  • nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, human
  • SIRT1 protein, human
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Sirtuins
Topics
  • Amnion (growth & development, metabolism, physiology, secretion)
  • Apoptosis (genetics)
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines (genetics, metabolism, secretion)
  • Cytoprotection (genetics)
  • Elasticity
  • Epithelial Cells (metabolism, physiology, secretion)
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase (genetics, metabolism, secretion)
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Multiple (genetics, metabolism)
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Sirtuins (metabolism)
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tensile Strength (physiology)
  • Triplets
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 (metabolism)
  • Twins

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