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Assessment of cognitive function following magnesium therapy in the traumatically injured brain.

Abstract
Many studies have examined the preclinical efficacy of Mg2+ therapy in models of traumatic brain injury. However, more of these studies have examined sensorimotor and motor performance than cognitive performance following injury. The present paper reviews the use of Mg2+ therapy to facilitate cognitive recovery in several models of cortical injury in the rodent. The first study examined the ability of daily injections of MgCl2 (1 or 2 mmol) to impair acquisition of a reference memory task in the Morris Water Maze. Additional studies examined the ability of MgCl2 to improve cognitive function following bilateral anterior medial cortex ablations, bilateral frontal cortex contusions, and unilateral frontal contusions. The results from these studies indicate that MgCl2 therapy is biologically active and readily crosses the blood-brain barrier because daily injections of MgCl2 impaired learning of a reference memory task in intact rats. Mg2+ therapy for brain injury revealed that administration of post-injury MgCl2 effectively improved recovery of cognitive deficits following injury. These results suggest that Mg2+ therapy is effective in facilitating cognitive recovery of function following brain injury; however, there are task and dose-dependent aspects to this recovery.
AuthorsMichael R Hoane
JournalMagnesium research : official organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium (Magnes Res) Vol. 20 Issue 4 Pg. 229-36 (Dec 2007) ISSN: 0953-1424 [Print] England
PMID18271492 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Magnesium
Topics
  • Animals
  • Blood-Brain Barrier
  • Brain Injuries (drug therapy)
  • Cognition (drug effects, physiology)
  • Magnesium (administration & dosage, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Maze Learning (drug effects)
  • Memory (drug effects)

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