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[Autologous cartilage-bone transplantation in the therapy of osteochondrosis dissecans of the knee joint].

Abstract
This study presents the results of twelve patients, treated by an autologous bone and cartilage transplant for an advanced stage (stage IV and V referring to Rodegerdts and Gleissner, 14) of osteochondritis dissecans of the knee. In a follow up examination after an average time of 3.7 years all patients could be reviewed clinically and radiologically. The clinical results have been very satisfying in all but one patient. Radiologically all patients showed early signs of gonarthrosis, but only in 4 of 12 patients more advanced signs of arthrosis were found. In their own opinion all patients were satisfied with the outcome of the operation, and two of them regarded the result as excellent. Besides the operative technique the indications practising autologous bone-cartilage-transplantation in large osteochondral defects of osteochondritis dissecans are described as well. Furthermore the advantages of autologous against homologous bone-cartilage-transplants are discussed.
AuthorsT Wirth, G Rauch, P Schuler, P Griss
JournalZeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete (Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb) 1991 Jan-Feb Vol. 129 Issue 1 Pg. 80-4 ISSN: 0044-3220 [Print] GERMANY
Vernacular TitleDas autologe Knorpel-Knochen-Transplantat zur Therapie der Osteochondrosis dissecans des Kniegelenkes.
PMID1826398 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bone Transplantation
  • Cartilage (transplantation)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint (radiography, surgery)
  • Male
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans (radiography, surgery)
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Transplantation, Autologous

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