Tip60 is required for DNA interstrand cross-link repair in the Fanconi anemia pathway.

The disease Fanconi anemia is a genome instability syndrome characterized by cellular sensitivity to DNA interstrand cross-linking agents, manifest by decreased cellular survival and chromosomal aberrations after such treatment. There are at least 13 proteins acting in the pathway, with the FANCD2 protein apparently functioning as a late term effecter in the maintenance of genome stability. We find that the chromatin remodeling protein, Tip60, interacts directly with the FANCD2 protein in a yeast two-hybrid system. This interaction has been confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation and co-localization using both endogenous and epitope-tagged FANCD2 and Tip60 from human cells. The observation of decreased cellular survival after exposure to mitomycin C in normal fibroblasts depleted for Tip60 indicates a direct function in interstrand cross-link repair. The coincident function of Tip60 and FANCD2 in one pathway is supported by the finding that depletion of Tip60 in Fanconi anemia cells does not increase sensitivity to DNA cross-links. However, depletion of Tip60 did not reduce monoubiquitination of FANCD2 or its localization to nuclear foci following DNA damage. The observations indicate that Fanconi anemia proteins act in concert with chromatin remodeling functions to maintain genome stability after DNA cross-link damage.
AuthorsJames Hejna, Megan Holtorf, Jennie Hines, Lauren Mathewson, Aaron Hemphill, Muhsen Al-Dhalimy, Susan B Olson, Robb E Moses
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry (J Biol Chem) Vol. 283 Issue 15 Pg. 9844-51 (Apr 11 2008) ISSN: 0021-9258 [Print] United States
PMID18263878 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • FANCD2 protein, human
  • Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group D2 Protein
  • Mitomycin
  • KAT5 protein, human
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus (drug effects, genetics)
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Nucleus (genetics, metabolism)
  • Cell Survival (drug effects, genetics)
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly (physiology)
  • Cross-Linking Reagents (pharmacology)
  • DNA Damage (drug effects, genetics)
  • DNA Repair (drug effects, physiology)
  • Fanconi Anemia (genetics, metabolism)
  • Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group D2 Protein (genetics, metabolism)
  • Genomic Instability (drug effects, genetics)
  • Histone Acetyltransferases (genetics, metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Mitomycin (pharmacology)
  • Ubiquitination (drug effects, physiology)

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