Comparative analysis of the venom proteomes of Vipera ammodytes ammodytes and Vipera ammodytes meridionalis.

The venom proteomics of Vipera ammodytes ammodytes and Vipera ammodytes meridionalis, snakes of public health significance and the most poisonous reptiles in Europe, were analyzed by FPLC, 2-D electrophoresis, sequence analysis, and MS/MS. FPLC analysis showed the presence of l-amino acid oxidase, monomeric and heterodimeric phospholipases A2, C-type lectin protein, and proteinases in the venom of V. a. ammodytes. Representatives of the same protein families were found in the venom of the other subspecies, V. a. meridionalis. N-terminally identical PLA2 neurotoxins were identified in both venoms. Difference in the PLA2 compositions of the venoms was also observed: a monomeric protein with phospholipase A2 activity, identical in the first 20 amino acid residues to the catalitically inactive acidic component of the heterodimeric PLA2 present in both venoms, was found only in that of V. a. meridionalis. Probably, this protein represents an intermediate form of the two components of the heterodimer. 2-D electrophoresis and MS/MS analysis showed that the two venoms shared a number of protein families: monomeric and heterodimeric Group II PLA2s, serine proteinases, Group I, II, and III metalloproteinases, l-amino acid oxidases (LAAOs), cysteine-rich secretory proteins, disintegrins, and growth factors. Totally, 38 venom components of the V. a. ammodytes, belonging to 9 protein families, and 67 components of the V. a. meridionalis venom belonging to 8 protein families were identified. The venom proteome of V. a. ammodytes shows larger diversity of proteins (139) in comparison to that of V. a. meridionalis (104 proteins). Most of the proteins are homologues of known representatives of the respective protein families. The protein compositions explain clinical effects of the V. ammodytes snakebites, such as difficulties in the breathing, paralysis, apoptosis, cloting disorders, hemorrhage, and tissue necrosis. The lists of secreted proteins by the two vipers can be used for further study of structure-function relationships in the toxins and for prediction and treatment of snakebite consequences.
AuthorsDessislava Georgieva, Michaela Risch, Anna Kardas, Friedrich Buck, Martin von Bergen, Christian Betzel
JournalJournal of proteome research (J Proteome Res) Vol. 7 Issue 3 Pg. 866-86 (Mar 2008) ISSN: 1535-3893 [Print] United States
PMID18257516 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Proteome
  • Viper Venoms
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteome
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
  • Viper Venoms (chemistry)
  • Viperidae

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