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High prevalence of sleep disorders in hemodialyzed patients requiring parathyroidectomy.

AbstractOBJECTIVE:
Although there has been contrasting evidence for a causative role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in sleep disorders in patients on maintenance hemodialysis, a recent study disclosed the possibility that this role might exist at least in patients requiring parathyroidectomy because of failure of medical therapy. The present study was devised to assess a possible difference in sleep disorders of patients on hemodialysis needing parathyroidectomy and those in whom medical therapy controlled hyperparathyroidism.
DESIGN AND PATIENTS:
To this end, a group of 22 patients requiring parathyroidectomy were studied by means of a sleep questionnaire, along with a group of 44 patients matched for age, gender, body weight, and duration of dialytic treatment.
RESULTS:
Patients requiring parathyroidectomy slept fewer hours (P < .001), had a higher prevalence of sleep disorders (P < .001), and were more often insomniac (P < .001).
CONCLUSIONS:
This study indicates that patients on hemodialysis requiring parathyroidectomy for intractable hyperparathyroidism comprise a good model for investigating the causative role of PTH on disordered sleep, and that these patients have very poor sleep. These data support recent findings on the prevalence of sleep disorders in dialyzed patients with insuppressible hyperparathyroidism.
AuthorsRosa Maria De Santo, Maria Grazia Esposito, Concetta Maria Cesare, Gennaro Cice, Alessandra Perna, Eleonora Violetti, Giovanni Conso, Giancarlo Bilancio, Salvatore Celsi, Massimo Cirillo, Antonio Livrea
JournalJournal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation (J Ren Nutr) Vol. 18 Issue 1 Pg. 52-5 (Jan 2008) ISSN: 1532-8503 [Electronic] United States
PMID18089444 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Parathyroid Hormone
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Hormone (blood)
  • Parathyroidectomy (adverse effects)
  • Prevalence
  • Renal Dialysis (adverse effects)
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders (epidemiology)
  • Sleep Wake Disorders (epidemiology)

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