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Total parathyroidectomy combined with partial auto-transplantation for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Drug treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism caused by chronic renal failure may be available at the early stage of the disease, but it is not as effective for serious patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of total parathyroidectomy combined with forearm autotransplantation in the uremic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.
METHODS:
From September 1999 through September 2006, parathroidectomy and autotransplantation was performed in 20 patients. The coherence between the results of preoperative parathyroid ultrasonography and surgical exploration were compared. The serum calcium concentration and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were monitored preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively.
RESULTS:
A total of 71 hyperplastic parathyroid glands were resected in the 20 patients. The accordance rate of parathyroid localization between B-ultrasonography and intraoperative exploration was 94.4%. The average iPTH value was (110.90 +/- 67.42) ng/L, (433.80 +/- 243.72) ng/L, (48.80 +/- 42.69) ng/L, (229.04 +/- 172.68) ng/L and (232.39 +/- 224.05) ng/L at day 1, 2, 3, 7, 30 after operation respectively. The clinical symptoms were ameliorated and the levels of serum calcium concentration were controlled within the normal range after operation. Recurrent secondary hyperparathyroidism had happened in 1 case, 4 years postoperatively because of the development of autograft hyperplasia, and in another case 2 years postoperatively due to remnant of neck parathyroid glands. The clinical symptoms were all alleviated after re-operation. No surgical complication had occurred in any of the patients.
CONCLUSIONS:
The total parathyroidectomy with forearm autotransplantation is feasible, safe, and effective for patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism in the short term. The long-term effects should be further investigated.
AuthorsQiang Zou, Hong-ying Wang, Jian Zhou, Zheng-yin Lao, Jun Xue, Ming-xin Li, Hai-ming Li, Yi-ting Jin, Yong Gu, Yan-ling Zhang
JournalChinese medical journal (Chin Med J (Engl)) Vol. 120 Issue 20 Pg. 1777-82 (Oct 20 2007) ISSN: 0366-6999 [Print] China
PMID18028770 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Calcium
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Calcium (blood)
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Forearm
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary (blood, surgery)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Glands (transplantation, ultrasonography)
  • Parathyroid Hormone (blood)
  • Parathyroidectomy (methods)
  • Transplantation, Autologous

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