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Engineering antitumor immunity by T-cell adoptive immunotherapy.

Abstract
The adoptive transfer of antigen-specific T cells has been used successfully to treat experimental tumors in animal models and viral infections in humans, but harnessing the exquisite specificity and potency of T cells to treat human malignancy has proven challenging. The efforts to use T cells to treat patients with cancer have often been informative in identifying limitations that must be overcome to improve therapeutic efficacy, and a clearer picture of the requirements for successful adoptive T-cell transfer is gradually emerging. Indolent and a subset of aggressive B-cell lymphomas in humans have been shown to be susceptible to eradication by T cells in clinical settings where highly immunogenic minor histocompatibility or viral antigens are presented by tumor cells. In this article, we will review how recent advances in our understanding of the properties of antigen-specific T cells that facilitate their long-term persistence in vivo and reversion to the memory pool after in vitro culture, combined with approaches to molecularly engineer T cells with receptors that target molecules expressed by B-cell lymphoma, are providing opportunities to broaden the application of T-cell therapy and improve its efficacy for this disease.
AuthorsStanley R Riddell
JournalHematology / the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology. American Society of Hematology. Education Program (Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program) Pg. 250-6 ( 2007) ISSN: 1520-4391 [Print] United States
PMID18024637 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
Topics
  • Animals
  • Gene Transfer Techniques
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive
  • Lymphoma, B-Cell (immunology, therapy)
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell (genetics)
  • T-Lymphocytes (immunology)

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