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Coagulation factor XIII gene variation, oral contraceptives, and risk of ischemic stroke.

Abstract
Prothrombotic conditions are associated with ischemic stroke in young women. In particular, the combination of oral contraceptive use and prothrombotic genetic variants appears to increase the risk of ischemic stroke. We performed a population-based case-control study in 190 women aged 20 to 49 years with ischemic stroke and 767 women without cardiovascular disease stratified for age, calendar year of the index event, and residence. A total of 4 variants of coagulation factor XIII subunit A and B genes (F13A1 and F13B) were investigated. The Phe allele of the F13A1 Tyr204Phe variant was present in 59 (31%) patients and 43 (6%) controls; the odds ratio for ischemic stroke was 9.1 for Phe/Phe and Phe/Tyr versus Tyr/Tyr genotype; the 95% confidence interval was 5.5 to 15. Homozygous genotypes (Phe/Phe) conferred a higher risk (odds ratio, 77; 95% confidence interval, 7.0-848) than heterozygous (Tyr/Phe) genotypes (odds ratio, 8.2; 95% confidence interval, 4.9-14). The risk of ischemic stroke was further increased in carriers of the 204Phe allele using oral contraceptives (odds ratio, 20; 95% confidence interval, 9-46) compared with nonusers with Tyr/Tyr genotype. In conclusion, the F13A1 204Phe allele was strongly associated with ischemic stroke in young women. Oral contraceptive use further increased the risk of ischemic stroke.
AuthorsD Martijn O Pruissen, Arjen J C Slooter, Frits R Rosendaal, Yolanda van der Graaf, Ale Algra
JournalBlood (Blood) Vol. 111 Issue 3 Pg. 1282-6 (Feb 1 2008) ISSN: 0006-4971 [Print] United States
PMID18006701 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Contraceptives, Oral
  • Protein Subunits
  • Factor XIII
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain Ischemia (epidemiology, genetics)
  • Contraceptives, Oral (pharmacology)
  • Factor XIII (genetics)
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Genetic
  • Mutation (genetics)
  • Protein Subunits (genetics)
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke (epidemiology, genetics)

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