Purification and partial characterization of stonustoxin (lethal factor) from Synanceja horrida venom.

1. The lethal factor of the stonefish (Synanceja horrida) venom, designated as the stonustoxin, was purified to homogeneity by a two-step procedure on Sephacryl S-200 High Resolution (HR) gel permeation and DEAE Bio-Gel A anion exchange chromatography. 2. Stonustoxin has a native mol. wt of 148,000 and an isoelectric point of 6.9. 3. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed two subunits (designated alpha and beta) with mol. wts of 71,000 and 79,000, respectively. 4. The amino acid composition of both subunits and the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the beta subunit were also determined. 5. Purified stonustoxin had an LD50 of 0.017 microgram/g which is 22-fold more potent than that of the crude venom. 6. The toxin exhibited potent haemolytic activity in vitro and edema-inducing activity with a minimum edema dose (MED) of 0.15 micrograms in mouse paw. The edema effect was not antagonized by diphenhydramine.
AuthorsC H Poh, R Yuen, H E Khoo, M Chung, M Gwee, P Gopalakrishnakone
JournalComparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry (Comp Biochem Physiol B) Vol. 99 Issue 4 Pg. 793-8 ( 1991) ISSN: 0305-0491 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID1790672 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Amino Acids
  • Fish Venoms
  • stonustoxin
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acids (analysis)
  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Fish Venoms (chemistry, isolation & purification, toxicity)
  • Fishes
  • Isoelectric Point
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight

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