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Polycythemia and vascular remodeling in chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in guinea pigs.

Abstract
Chronic hypoxia increases pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) as a result of vasoconstriction, polycythemia, and vascular remodeling with medial thickening. To determine whether preventing the polycythemia with repeated bleeding would diminish the pulmonary hypertension and remodeling, we compared hemodynamic and histological profiles in hypoxic bled (HB, n = 6) and hypoxic polycythemic guinea pigs (H, n = 6). After 10 days in hypoxia (10% O2), PAP was increased from 10 +/- 1 (SE) mmHg in room air controls (RA, n = 5) to 20 +/- 1 mmHg in H (P less than 0.05) but was lower in HB (15 +/- 1 mmHg, P less than 0.05 vs. H). Cardiac output and pulmonary artery vasoreactivity did not differ among groups. Total pulmonary vascular resistance increased from 0.072 +/- 0.011 mmHg.ml-1.min in RA to 0.131 mmHg.ml-1.min in H but was significantly lower in HB (0.109 +/- 0.006 mmHg.ml-1.min). Hematocrit increased with hypoxia (57 +/- 3% in H vs. 42 +/- 1% in RA, P less than 0.05), and bleeding prevented the increase (46 +/- 4% in HB, P less than 0.05 vs. H only). The proportion of thick-walled peripheral pulmonary vessels (53.2 +/- 2.9% in HB and 50.6 +/- 4.8% in H vs. 31.6 +/- 2.6% in RA, P less than 0.05) and the percent medial thickness of pulmonary arteries adjacent to alveolar ducts (7.2 +/- 0.6% in HB and 7.0 +/- 0.4% in H vs. 5.2 +/- 0.4% in RA, P less than 0.05) increased to a similar degree in both hypoxic groups. A similar tendency was present in larger bronchiolar vessels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
AuthorsS P Janssens, B T Thompson, C R Spence, C A Hales
JournalJournal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (J Appl Physiol (1985)) Vol. 71 Issue 6 Pg. 2218-23 (Dec 1991) ISSN: 8750-7587 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1778916 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Topics
  • Animals
  • Anoxia (complications, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Blood Vessels (pathology)
  • Blood Viscosity
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Hematocrit
  • Hemodynamics
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary (complications, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Lung (blood supply)
  • Male
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular (pathology)
  • Polycythemia (complications, pathology, physiopathology)
  • Vascular Resistance

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