Protective effect of melatonin in acetic acid induced colitis in rats.

Possible protective effects of exogenous melatonin on colonic inflammation were studied in rats. Colitis was induced by intracolonic (i.c.) instillation of 4% acetic acid (AA) and the resulting injury was assessed after 1 and 48 hr. Diffuse hyperemia and bleeding with erosions and ulcerations were observed in the colons of vehicle-treated rats. Melatonin administered in doses of 5 and 10 mg/kg reduced significantly the extent of gross mucosal damage after intraperitoneal as well as i.c. dosing. The inflammation induced increase in colonic wet weight was also reduced by melatonin treatment. In the early phase of colonic inflammation (60 min), melatonin partly prevented the decrease of reduced glutathione (GSH) content and limited lysosomal enzyme, N-acetyl-glucosaminidase and cathepsin D, activities induced by AA, with no changes in proteins or acid phosphatase activity. Increase of myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) caused by colonic inflammation was prevented by melatonin given i.c. As observed 48 hr after AA exposure, there was no difference between the effect of vehicle and melatonin on the content of GSH. Colitis did not influence the melatonin content of the colon. After administration of exogenous melatonin, plasma, pineal and gut melatonin tended to increase. The results indicate that melatonin participates in various defense mechanisms against colonic inflammatory processes by preserving the important endogenous antioxidant reserve of GSH, by preventing lysosomal enzyme disruption, by inhibiting enhanced MPO activity, thus reducing the extent of colonic damage, mainly in the early phase of colitis.
AuthorsViera Nosál'ová, Michal Zeman, Silvia Cerná, Jana Navarová, Monika Zakálová
JournalJournal of pineal research (J Pineal Res) Vol. 42 Issue 4 Pg. 364-70 (Apr 2007) ISSN: 0742-3098 [Print] Denmark
PMID17439553 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Peroxidase
  • Glutathione
  • Melatonin
  • Acetic Acid
  • Acetic Acid (toxicity)
  • Animals
  • Colitis (chemically induced, metabolism, pathology, prevention & control)
  • Colon (drug effects, metabolism, pathology)
  • Glutathione (metabolism)
  • Male
  • Melatonin (metabolism, pharmacology)
  • Peroxidase (metabolism)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar

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