[Confocal-microscopic study of skeletal muscle fibre membrane organelles during Zenker's (spreading) necrosis].

The changes of T-system and cellular acidic organelles during spreading (Zenker's) necrosis of frog skeletal muscle fibres have been investigated using laser confocal microscopy and several vital fluorescent dyes acridine orange, RH 414, DiOC6(3), rhodamine 123, fluorescein dextran. The formation of numerous vacuoles as a result of local T-system swelling is most characteristic for initial steps of Zenker's necrosis. Vacuoles can attain tens microns in length. They are located both near nuclear poles and between myofibres. Vacuoles maintain connections with the extracellular space up to the moment of contraction knot rejection, and under definite conditions (glycerol influx to fibre) vacuoles are reversible. They deform nuclei and sarcoplasmic reticulum cisternae. Cellular acidic organelles, accumulating acridine orange (lysosomes, late endosomes, Golgi apparatus cisternae) are situated in direct vicinity with normal and vacuolated T-system. The increase in acidic organelles number and size occur during the pathological process development, and tendency to vacuoles clusterization may be seen. Vacuolation of T-system during necrosis is not followed by vacuole content acidification. The role of cellular acidic organelles and of T-system vacuolation in the development of different muscle pathological changes is discussed.
AuthorsS A Krolenko, S Ia Adamian, T N Beliaeva, T P Mozhenok, A V Salova
JournalTsitologiia (Tsitologiia) Vol. 49 Issue 2 Pg. 107-14 ( 2007) ISSN: 0041-3771 [Print] Russia (Federation)
PMID17432595 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleus (pathology)
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Membranes (pathology)
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal (pathology)
  • Muscle, Skeletal (pathology)
  • Muscular Diseases (pathology)
  • Necrosis (pathology)
  • Organelles (pathology)
  • Rana temporaria
  • Vacuoles (pathology)

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