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Medicaid prenatal care: a comparison of use and outcomes in fee-for-service and managed care.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
To control rising costs, state Medicaid agencies are enrolling recipients in managed care health plans (MCPs). We performed this study to assess this policy's impact on accessibility and outcomes of Medicaid-funded prenatal care.
METHODS:
We performed a retrospective, controlled study with three cohorts: a study group of 1106 Medicaid recipients enrolled in three MCPs, a matched comparison group of 4830 recipients receiving care in the fee-for-service (FFS) system, and a second matched comparison group of 4434 non-Medicaid enrollees of the same MCPs. Data on prenatal care use and birth outcomes were obtained through linkage of claims and discharge files with birth certificate files.
RESULTS:
Medicaid recipients enrolled in MCPs used prenatal care similarly to those in the FFS system and showed equal or modestly improved birth-weight distributions. However, Medicaid MCP enrollees showed poorer use of prenatal care and birth outcomes compared with non-Medicaid enrollees of the same plans.
CONCLUSIONS:
Enrollment in MCPs has a neutral or small beneficial effect on the prenatal care received by the Medicaid population. However, providing financial access and modifying the system of care for this population did not result in parity with the general population.
AuthorsJ W Krieger, F A Connell, J P LoGerfo
JournalAmerican journal of public health (Am J Public Health) Vol. 82 Issue 2 Pg. 185-90 (Feb 1992) ISSN: 0090-0036 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1739144 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Topics
  • Birth Certificates
  • Birth Weight
  • Cost Control
  • Fees, Medical
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility (standards)
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Managed Care Programs (economics, standards, utilization)
  • Medicaid
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Prenatal Care (economics, standards, utilization)
  • Retrospective Studies
  • United States

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