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Monounsaturated fatty acyl-coenzyme A is predictive of atherosclerosis in human apoB-100 transgenic, LDLr-/- mice.

Abstract
ACAT2, the enzyme responsible for the formation of cholesteryl esters incorporated into apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins by the small intestine and liver, forms predominantly cholesteryl oleate from acyl-CoA and free cholesterol. The accumulation of cholesteryl oleate in plasma lipoproteins has been found to be predictive of atherosclerosis. Accordingly, a method was developed in which fatty acyl-CoA subspecies could be extracted from mouse liver and quantified. Analyses were performed on liver tissue from mice fed one of four diets enriched with one particular type of dietary fatty acid: saturated, monounsaturated, n-3 polyunsaturated, or n-6 polyunsaturated. We found that the hepatic fatty acyl-CoA pools reflected the fatty acid composition of the diet fed. The highest percentage of fatty acyl-CoAs across all diet groups was in monoacyl-CoAs, and values were 36% and 46% for the n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated diet groups and 55% and 62% in the saturated and monounsaturated diet groups, respectively. The percentage of hepatic acyl-CoA as oleoyl-CoA was also highly correlated to liver cholesteryl ester, plasma cholesterol, LDL molecular weight, and atherosclerosis extent. These data suggest that replacing monounsaturated with polyunsaturated fat can benefit coronary heart disease by reducing the availability of oleoyl-CoA in the substrate pool of hepatic ACAT2, thereby reducing cholesteryl oleate secretion and accumulation in plasma lipoproteins.
AuthorsThomas A Bell 3rd, Martha D Wilson, Kathryn Kelley, Janet K Sawyer, Lawrence L Rudel
JournalJournal of lipid research (J Lipid Res) Vol. 48 Issue 5 Pg. 1122-31 (May 2007) ISSN: 0022-2275 [Print] United States
PMID17277381 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural)
Chemical References
  • Acyl Coenzyme A
  • Apolipoprotein B-100
  • Biomarkers
  • Cholesterol Esters
  • Fatty Acids
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, LDL
  • Cholesterol
  • Coenzyme A Ligases
Topics
  • Acyl Coenzyme A (metabolism)
  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Apolipoprotein B-100 (genetics, metabolism)
  • Atherosclerosis (genetics, metabolism, pathology)
  • Biomarkers
  • Cholesterol (blood)
  • Cholesterol Esters (metabolism)
  • Coenzyme A Ligases (metabolism)
  • Fatty Acids (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Liver (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • RNA, Messenger (genetics)
  • Receptors, LDL (deficiency, genetics, metabolism)

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