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Reduction of divinyl ether-containing polyunsaturated fatty acids in transgenic potato plants.

Abstract
Oxygenated polyunsaturated fatty acids synthesized via the lipoxygenase pathway play a role in plant responses to pathogen attack. In solanaceous plants, the preferential stimulation of the 9-lipoxygenase pathway in response to pathogen infection leads to the formation of the divinyl ether-containing polyunsaturated fatty acids colneleic and colnelenic acid, as well as hydroxy and trihydroxy polyunsaturated fatty acids. To functionally assess the role of divinyl ethers, transgenic potato plants were generated which express an RNA interference construct directed against the pathogen-inducible 9-divinyl ether synthase. Efficient reduction of 9-divinyl ether synthase transcript accumulation correlated with reduced levels of colneleic and colnelenic acid. However, in response to infection with virulent Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight disease, no significant differences in pathogen biomass could be detected suggesting that the levels of antimicrobial divinyl ethers are not critical for defense against Phytophthora infestans in a compatible interaction.
AuthorsLennart Eschen-Lippold, Grit Rothe, Michael Stumpe, Cornelia Göbel, Ivo Feussner, Sabine Rosahl
JournalPhytochemistry (Phytochemistry) Vol. 68 Issue 6 Pg. 797-801 (Mar 2007) ISSN: 0031-9422 [Print] United States
PMID17258245 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Ethers
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Vinyl Compounds
  • vinyl ether
  • colnelenic acid
  • colneleic acid
Topics
  • Ethers (chemistry, metabolism)
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated (chemistry, metabolism)
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated (chemistry, metabolism)
  • Models, Chemical
  • Molecular Structure
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phytophthora (growth & development)
  • Plant Diseases (microbiology)
  • Plant Leaves (genetics, metabolism, microbiology)
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Solanum tuberosum (genetics, metabolism, microbiology)
  • Vinyl Compounds (chemistry, metabolism)

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