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Immunogenic gangliosides in human ovarian carcinoma.

Abstract
Ganglioside signatures of four poorly and three moderately differentiated ovarian epithelial cancer (OEC) cell lines reveal the presence of GM3, GM2, GD2, O-AcGD2, GD1a and GM1b. The expression of GM3, presence of GD1a and GM1b in the ascitic fluid and plasma, together with a positive correlation in the total-gangliosides levels between ascitic fluid and plasma of OEC patients support the earlier contention that the tumor-gangliosides may be released (or shed) into the tumor-microenvironment. The immunogenicity of OEC-gangliosides is determined by comparing anti-ganglioside-IgM titers in ascitic fluid (n = 14) and plasma (n = 23) of OEC-patients and age-matched healthy (n = 14). The titers were measured by ELISA. Strikingly, the level of anti-GD1a-IgM is significantly higher in ascitic fluid and plasma of patients than in the plasma of healthy volunteers. Paired sample analysis of ascitic fluid and plasma from the same patients confirmed the significant expression of anti-GD1a IgM in OEC patients, while no such difference was observed with other anti-ganglioside IgMs among different groups. The significance of the endogenous IgM response to GD1a may be to eliminate this immunosuppressive-ganglioside from the tumor-microenvironment.
AuthorsMepur H Ravindranath, Sakunthala Muthugounder, Naftali Presser, Senthamil R Selvan, Alessandro D Santin, Stefania Bellone, Thiruverkadu S Saravanan, Donald L Morton
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications (Biochem Biophys Res Commun) Vol. 353 Issue 2 Pg. 251-8 (Feb 9 2007) ISSN: 0006-291X [Print] United States
PMID17188646 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Gangliosides
Topics
  • Ascitic Fluid (chemistry)
  • Biomarkers, Tumor (immunology)
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Gangliosides (analysis, blood, immunology)
  • Humans
  • Ovarian Neoplasms (immunology)

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