Expression profiling of glycosyltransferases and related enzymes using in situ hybridization.

In situ hybridization (ISH) is a technique used to detect messenger RNAs (mRNAs) expressed in cells in tissue sections with probes specifically hybridizing to an mRNA of interest. Polysialic acid (PSA) is a unique glycan composed of a linear homopolymer of alpha2,8-linked sialic acid residues and formed by two distinct polysialyltransferases, ST8Sia II and ST8Sia IV. PSA plays an important role in neural development and progression of certain tumors. This chapter describes the use of ISH to detect ST8Sia II and ST8Sia IV mRNAs expressed in human astrocytomas using digoxigenin-labeled RNA probes.
AuthorsJun Nakayama, Misa Suzuki, Masami Suzuki, Minoru Fukuda
JournalMethods in enzymology (Methods Enzymol) Vol. 416 Pg. 120-9 ( 2006) ISSN: 0076-6879 [Print] United States
PMID17113863 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Glycosyltransferases
  • CMP-N-acetylneuraminate-poly-alpha-2,8-sialosyl sialyltransferase
  • Sialyltransferases
  • ST8SIA4 protein, human
  • Digoxigenin
  • Astrocytoma (enzymology, genetics)
  • Digoxigenin
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Glycosyltransferases (biosynthesis, genetics)
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization (methods)
  • RNA, Messenger (biosynthesis)
  • Sialyltransferases (biosynthesis, genetics)

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