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In vivo gene expression analysis identifies genes required for enhanced colonization of the mouse urinary tract by uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain CFT073 dsdA.

Abstract
Deletional inactivation of the gene encoding d-serine deaminase, dsdA, in uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain CFT073 results in a hypermotile strain with a hypercolonization phenotype in the bladder and kidneys of mice in a model of urinary tract infection (UTI). The in vivo gene expression profiles of CFT073 and CFT073 dsdA were compared by isolating RNA directly from the urine of mice challenged with each strain individually. Hybridization of cDNAs derived from these samples to CFT073-specific microarrays allowed identification of genes that were up- or down-regulated in the dsdA deletion strain during UTI. Up-regulated genes included the known d-serine-responsive gene dsdX, suggesting in vivo intracellular accumulation of d-serine by CFT073 dsdA. Genes encoding F1C fimbriae, both copies of P fimbriae, hemolysin, OmpF, a dipeptide transporter DppA, a heat shock chaperone IbpB, and clusters of open reading frames with unknown functions were also up-regulated. To determine the role of these genes as well as motility in the hypercolonization phenotype, mutants were constructed in the CFT073 dsdA background and tested in competition against the wild type in the murine model of UTI. Strains with deletions of one or both of the two P fimbrial operons, hlyA, fliC, ibpB, c0468, locus c3566 to c3568, or c2485 to c2490 colonized mouse bladders and kidneys at levels indistinguishable from wild type. CFT073 dsdA c2398 and CFT073 dsdA focA maintained a hypercolonization phenotype. A CFT073 dsdA dppA mutant was attenuated 10- to 50-fold in its colonization ability compared to CFT073. Our results support a role for d-serine catabolism and signaling in global virulence gene regulation of uropathogenic E. coli.
AuthorsBrian J Haugen, Shahaireen Pellett, Peter Redford, Holly L Hamilton, Paula L Roesch, Rodney A Welch
JournalInfection and immunity (Infect Immun) Vol. 75 Issue 1 Pg. 278-89 (Jan 2007) ISSN: 0019-9567 [Print] United States
PMID17074858 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural)
Chemical References
  • Hydro-Lyases
  • D-serine dehydratase
Topics
  • Animals
  • Escherichia coli (genetics, pathogenicity)
  • Escherichia coli Infections (microbiology)
  • Fimbriae, Bacterial (genetics)
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Hydro-Lyases (genetics)
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Mutation
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Urinary Tract Infections (microbiology)
  • Urothelium (microbiology, ultrastructure)
  • Virulence

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