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Nadifloxacin: a quinolone for topical treatment of skin infections and potential for systemic use of its active isomer, WCK 771.

Abstract
Nadifloxacin is a potent, broad-spectrum, quinolone agent approved for topical use in acne vulgaris and skin infections in Japan. As exposure of pathogenic and colonising bacteria to antibiotics results in drug resistance, it is not desirable to use an important, broad-spectrum antibiotic, which belongs to a class of agents widely used systemically to treat a wide variety of infections, as a topically applied preparation. On this basis, nadifloxacin is not a good option for topical treatment of acne when other effective non-antibiotic treatments are available. Nadifloxacin has potential as a topical agent for short-term treatment of skin infections. The arginine salt of its (-)-(S)-isomer is being developed as a parenteral agent based on its potency against methicillin and quinolone-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
AuthorsMichael R Jacobs, Peter C Appelbaum
JournalExpert opinion on pharmacotherapy (Expert Opin Pharmacother) Vol. 7 Issue 14 Pg. 1957-66 (Oct 2006) ISSN: 1744-7666 [Electronic] England
PMID17020421 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Quinolizines
  • WCK 771
  • nadifloxacin
Topics
  • Acne Vulgaris (drug therapy, physiopathology)
  • Administration, Topical
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents (adverse effects, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use)
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Fluoroquinolones (adverse effects, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Quinolizines (adverse effects, pharmacokinetics, therapeutic use)
  • Staphylococcal Skin Infections (drug therapy)

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