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Subcutaneous administration of nitroglycerin to facilitate radial artery cannulation.

AbstractOBJECTIVES:
To study the effect of sublingual versus subcutaneous nitroglycerin on radial artery spasm caused by failed access attempts.
BACKGROUND:
Radial artery spasm is the leading reason for failed radial access. We studied the efficacy of systemic versus local nitroglycerin in relieving radial artery spasm caused by needle entry resulting in failed cannulation.
METHODS:
Fifty-two consecutive patients were studied. All patients had failed attempt at radial artery cannulation, resulting in loss of radial pulse. Patients were divided in three groups, group I (n = 11), observed without additional treatment, group II (n = 20), administered 400 mcg of sublingual nitroglycerin, and group III (n = 21), administered 400 mcg of subcutaneous nitroglycerin at the site of the lost radial pulse. All patients were monitored for the return of radial pulse. Demographics, hemodynamics, and time to return of radial pulse as well as ability to successfully cannulate the radial artery were recorded.
RESULTS:
Seventy-two percent of group I patients, 90% of group II patients, and 100% of group III patients had re-establishment of radial pulse. The time to return of radial pulse was significantly shorter for group III compared with that for group II (3 +/- 1 min vs. 8 +/- 1 min respectively, P < 0.001). Re-establishment of radial pulse was faster in group II and group III compared with that in group I (18 +/- 5 min, P < 0.001). Systolic blood pressure changes and headaches were less common in group III.
CONCLUSION:
Subcutaneous administration of nitroglycerin is superior in facilitating radial artery cannulation after initial failed attempt.
AuthorsSamir B Pancholy, John Coppola, Tejas Patel
JournalCatheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions (Catheter Cardiovasc Interv) Vol. 68 Issue 3 Pg. 389-91 (Sep 2006) ISSN: 1522-1946 [Print] United States
PMID16892435 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Nitroglycerin
Topics
  • Administration, Sublingual
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Blood Pressure (drug effects)
  • Catheterization (methods)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitroglycerin (administration & dosage)
  • Pulse
  • Radial Artery (drug effects, physiopathology)
  • Research Design
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vasodilation (drug effects)
  • Vasodilator Agents (administration & dosage)

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