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Comparative study of changes in activity of calcitonin-producing cells in the thyroid and lungs during hypercalcemia.

Abstract
The conflicting results of previous evaluations of the influence of hypercalcemia on thyroid C-cells and the absence of reports on its influence on calcitonin (CT)-producing cells of the airways prompted this study. It aims to evaluate the activity and changing dynamics in CT-producing cells in rat thyroid glands and lungs after prolonged hypercalcemia. The hypercalcemia was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of 100,000IU of vitamin D(3) (Vigantol), Merck). Control and experimental rats were examined after 1, 7 and 14 days. Calcium and CT concentrations were measured in blood plasma. Paraffin wax embedded sections of thyroid and lungs were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. CT was detected immunohistochemically in thyroid C-cells and lung endocrine cells. Results showed increased calcium and CT concentrations in rat blood after vitamin D(3) administration, a statistically significant reduction in number of CT-positive cells in the thyroid with indications of their increased activity, and a statistically non-significant reduction of the number of cells immunopositive for CT in lungs after 1 day, and an increase after 7 days, compared to the control group. Lack of an obvious correlation in lung neuroendocrine cells among the rats with hypercalcemia may indicate the presence of other, perhaps local, functions for calcitonin.
AuthorsBogusław Sawicki, Irena Kasacka, Cezary Nowosielski
JournalActa histochemica (Acta Histochem) Vol. 108 Issue 4 Pg. 277-85 ( 2006) ISSN: 0065-1281 [Print] Germany
PMID16762403 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Cholecalciferol
  • Calcitonin
Topics
  • Animals
  • Calcitonin (metabolism)
  • Cholecalciferol (pharmacology)
  • Hypercalcemia (metabolism, pathology)
  • Lung (metabolism, pathology)
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Thyroid Gland (metabolism, pathology)

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