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Identity of M2A (D2-40) antigen and gp36 (Aggrus, T1A-2, podoplanin) in human developing testis, testicular carcinoma in situ and germ-cell tumours.

Abstract
Testicular germ-cell tumours of young adults are derived from a pre-invasive intratubular lesion, carcinoma in situ (CIS). In a recent genome-wide gene expression screening using cDNA microarrays, we found PDPN over-expressed in CIS compared to normal adult testis. PDPN encodes podoplanin (Aggrus, human gp36, T1A-2), a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in lymphatic endothelium and various solid tumours. To examine a potential role for PDPN in testicular neoplasms and during testicular development, we investigated its expression pattern during the development of human testis and in a series of testicular CIS, gonadoblastoma and overt germ-cell tumours. We established by RT-PCR and by immunohistochemistry with a gp36 antibody that PDPN mRNA and the protein product were expressed in testes with germ-cell neoplasms but not in the normal adult testis. We also found gp36 expression in early foetal gonocytes and immature Sertoli cells, similar to the expression pattern of M2A antigen, a previously identified marker for CIS and seminoma. This reinforced our previous proposal that M2A (D2-40) antigen was identical to gp36 (podoplanin, Aggrus, T1A-2). Our findings also suggest that podoplanin has a function in developing testis, most likely at the level of cell-cell interactions among pre-meiotic germ cells and immature Sertoli cells.
AuthorsSi Brask Sonne, Amy S Herlihy, Christina E Hoei-Hansen, John E Nielsen, Kristian Almstrup, Niels E Skakkebaek, Alexander Marks, Henrik Leffers, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts
JournalVirchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology (Virchows Arch) Vol. 449 Issue 2 Pg. 200-6 (Aug 2006) ISSN: 0945-6317 [Print] Germany
PMID16736189 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • PDPN protein, human
  • oncofetal antigens
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antigens, Neoplasm (analysis)
  • Carcinoma in Situ (chemistry)
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins (analysis)
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal (chemistry)
  • Testicular Neoplasms (chemistry)
  • Testis (chemistry, embryology)

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