Oxidative and nitrative DNA damage in animals and patients with inflammatory diseases in relation to inflammation-related carcinogenesis.

Infection and chronic inflammation are proposed to contribute to carcinogenesis through inflammation-related mechanisms. Infection with hepatitis C virus, Helicobacter pylori and the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini (OV), are important risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), gastric cancer and cholangiocarcinoma, respectively. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) and oral diseases, such as oral lichen planus (OLP) and leukoplakia, are associated with colon carcinogenesis and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), respectively. We performed a double immunofluorescence labeling study and found that nitrative and oxidative DNA lesion products, 8-nitroguanine and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), were formed and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was expressed in epithelial cells and inflammatory cells at the site of carcinogenesis in humans and animal models. Antibacterial, antiviral and antiparasitic drugs dramatically diminished the formation of these DNA lesion markers and iNOS expression. These results suggest that oxidative and nitrative DNA damage occurs at the sites of carcinogenesis, regardless of etiology. Therefore, it is considered that excessive amounts of reactive nitrogen species produced via iNOS during chronic inflammation may play a key role in carcinogenesis by causing DNA damage. On the basis of our results, we propose that 8-nitroguanine is a promising biomarker to evaluate the potential risk of inflammation-mediated carcinogenesis.
AuthorsShosuke Kawanishi, Yusuke Hiraku, Somchai Pinlaor, Ning Ma
JournalBiological chemistry (Biol Chem) Vol. 387 Issue 4 Pg. 365-72 (Apr 2006) ISSN: 1431-6730 [Print] Germany
PMID16606333 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • 8-nitroguanine
  • Guanine
  • Animals
  • Cholangiocarcinoma (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Colonic Neoplasms (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • DNA Damage
  • Guanine (analogs & derivatives, metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Infection (complications)
  • Inflammation (complications, metabolism)
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Liver Neoplasms (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Mice
  • Mouth Neoplasms (metabolism, physiopathology)
  • Neoplasms (etiology, immunology, microbiology)
  • Oxidative Stress

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