Endothelin antagonism: effects of FP receptor agonists prostaglandin F2alpha and fluprostenol on trabecular meshwork contractility.

This study analyzes additional mechanisms behind the ocular hypotensive effect of prostaglandin F (PGF) receptor (FP receptor) agonists PGF2alpha and fluprostenol (fluprostenol-isopropyl ester [travoprost]), which reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with glaucoma probably by enhancing uveoscleral flow. The trabecular meshwork (TM) is actively involved in IOP regulation through contractile mechanisms. Contractility of TM is induced by endothelin (ET)-1, a possible pathogenic factor in glaucoma. The involvement of FP receptor agonists in the ET-1 effects on TM function was studied.
The effects of FP receptor agonists on contractility of bovine TM (BTM) were investigated using a force-length transducer. The effects of PGF2alpha on intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) mobilization in cultured cells were measured using fura-2AM. The expression of the FP receptor protein was examined using Western blot analysis.
The ET-1-induced (10(-8) M) contraction in isolated BTM was inhibited by PGF2alpha (10(-6) M) and fluprostenol (10(-6) M). This effect was blocked by FP receptor antagonists. Carbachol-induced contraction or baseline tension was not affected by PGF2alpha or fluprostenol. In cultured TM cells, ET-1 caused a transient increase in [Ca2+]i that was reduced by PGF2alpha. No reduction occurred in the presence of the FP receptor antagonist Al-8810. Western blot analysis revealed the expression of the FP receptor in native and cultured TM.
FP receptor agonists operate by direct interaction with ET-1-induced contractility of TM. This effect is mediated by the FP receptor. Thus, FP receptor agonists may decrease IOP by enhancing aqueous humor outflow through the TM by inhibiting ET-1-dependent mechanisms.
AuthorsHagen Thieme, Christin Schimmat, Galina Münzer, Marianne Boxberger, Michael Fromm, Norbert Pfeiffer, Rita Rosenthal
JournalInvestigative ophthalmology & visual science (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci) Vol. 47 Issue 3 Pg. 938-45 (Mar 2006) ISSN: 0146-0404 [Print] United States
PMID16505027 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • AL 8810
  • Endothelin-1
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin
  • prostaglandin F2alpha receptor
  • fura-2-am
  • Cloprostenol
  • Dinoprost
  • Calcium
  • Fura-2
  • Travoprost
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Calcium (metabolism)
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloprostenol (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Dinoprost (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Endothelin-1 (antagonists & inhibitors, pharmacology)
  • Fura-2 (analogs & derivatives, metabolism)
  • Muscle Contraction (drug effects)
  • Muscle, Smooth (physiology)
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin (agonists, antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Trabecular Meshwork (physiology)
  • Travoprost

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