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MVA-LACK as a safe and efficient vector for vaccination against leishmaniasis.

Abstract
An optimal vaccine against leishmaniasis should elicit parasite specific CD4+ and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. In this investigation, we described a prime/boost immunization approach based on DNA and on poxvirus vectors (Western Reserve, WR, and the highly attenuated modified vaccinia virus Ankara, MVA), both expressing the LACK antigen of Leishmania infantum, that triggers different levels of specific CD8+ T cell responses and protection (reduction in lesion size and parasitemia) against L. major infection in mice. A prime/boost vaccination with DNA-LACK/MVA-LACK elicits higher CD8+ T cell responses than a similar protocol with the replication competent VV-LACK. Both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were induced by DNA-LACK/MVA-LACK immunization. The levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha secreting CD8+ T cells were higher in splenocytes from DNA-LACK/MVA-LACK than in DNA-LACK/VV-LACK immunized animals. Moreover, protection against L. major was significantly higher in DNA-LACK/MVA-LACK than in DNA-LACK/VV-LACK immunized animals when boosted with the same virus dose, and correlated with high levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha secreting CD8+ T cells. In DNA-LACK/MVA-LACK vaccinated animals, the extent of lesion size reduction ranged from 65 to 92% and this protection was maintained for at least 17 weeks after challenge with the parasite. These findings demonstrate that in heterologous prime/boost immunization approaches, the protocol DNA-LACK/MVA-LACK is superior to DNA-LACK/VV-LACK in triggering specific CD8+ T cell immune responses and in conferring protection against cutaneous leishmaniasis. Thus, MVA-LACK is a safe and efficient vector for vaccination against leishmaniasis.
AuthorsEva Pérez-Jiménez, Grazyna Kochan, M Magdalena Gherardi, Mariano Esteban
JournalMicrobes and infection / Institut Pasteur (Microbes Infect) Vol. 8 Issue 3 Pg. 810-22 (Mar 2006) ISSN: 1286-4579 [Print] France
PMID16504562 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antigens, Protozoan
  • DNA, Protozoan
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Protozoan Vaccines
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • LACK antigen, Leishmania
  • Interferon-gamma
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Protozoan (genetics, immunology)
  • DNA, Protozoan
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Interferon-gamma (metabolism)
  • Leishmania major
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous (immunology, pathology, prevention & control)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Protozoan Proteins (genetics, immunology)
  • Protozoan Vaccines (adverse effects, genetics, immunology)
  • T-Lymphocytes (metabolism)
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (metabolism)
  • Vaccines, Synthetic (adverse effects, genetics, immunology)
  • Vaccinia virus

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