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Adjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin in non-endometrioid carcinoma of the uterus.

AbstractPURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION:
Uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) and uterine clear cell carcinoma (UCCC) represent more aggressive tumors than the more common endometroid cancers, exhibiting a propensity for distant metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the activity and safety of paclitaxel/carboplatin chemotherapy as the only adjuvant treatment in patients with surgically resected UPSC and UCCC.
METHODS:
Fifteen patients with Stage IB-IV UPSC or UCCC were treated with a mean of six courses of paclitaxel 175 mg/m3 plus carboplatin AUC 5 at three-week intervals, three to six weeks after undergoing surgery with curative intent. No patient had residual disease after surgery and none underwent pre- or post-chemotherapy irradiation.
RESULTS:
With a median follow-up of 29.4 months, six patients (40%) relapsed and two (13%) died of disease. Mean time to recurrence was 16.9 months. Recurrence rate per Stage was 17% for Stage IB/C, 57% for Stage IIIA/C and 50% for Stage IV. Projected 5-year overall survival and progression-free survival was 79.7% and 55.7%, respectively. All relapses were abdominopelvic whereas in one case pelvic recurrence was accompanied by lung metastasis. The most frequent grade 3-4 toxicity was neutropenia.
CONCLUSION:
Chemotherapy with paclitaxel plus carboplatin is feasible and possibly prevents distant metastasis when used as adjuvant in UPSC and UCCC.
AuthorsG T Bozas, A Bamias, E Kastritis, A Rodolakis, G Vlahos, C A Papadimitriou, S Markaki, M A Dimopoulos
JournalEuropean journal of gynaecological oncology (Eur J Gynaecol Oncol) Vol. 26 Issue 6 Pg. 627-31 ( 2005) ISSN: 0392-2936 [Print] Italy
PMID16398224 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Carboplatin
  • Paclitaxel
Topics
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell (drug therapy, mortality)
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Carboplatin (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Carcinoma, Papillary (drug therapy, mortality)
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Endometrial Neoplasms (drug therapy, mortality)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local (epidemiology)
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Paclitaxel (administration & dosage, adverse effects)
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome

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