Corneal arcus and cardiovascular risk factors in Asians in Singapore.

This study was a cross-sectional random survey of the whole of Singapore, based on 2143 subjects (aged 18-69 years, response rate 60.3%). The presence of corneal arcus was determined by a doctor using the naked eye in good light. Cardiovascular risk factors were measured by standardized techniques. The prevalence rates overall of corneal arcus were: 18-29 years (males 0.5%, females 0.3%), 30-49 years (males 18.1%, females 13.3%) and 50-69 years (males 70.7%, females 55.3%). In the 30-49 age group, people with arcus had higher serum low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations than people without arcus, the mean differences being, males 0.31 mmol/l (P = 0.040) and females 0.62 mmol/l (P less than 0.001) with an increased likelihood of having values greater than 5.5.mmol/l of males 1.8 (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.0-3.4) and females 2.6 (95% CI: 1.4-4.8). There were no significant differences for LDL-cholesterol in the 50-69 age group. Arcus was weakly associated with fasting plasma glucose in the 30-49 age group. Arcus was not associated with serum high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, serum fasting triglyceride, blood pressure and cigarette smoking. It is concluded that while corneal arcus is primarily an age-related change, its formation is accelerated by high serum LDL-cholesterol so that in people under 50 years it is a marker for the condition.
AuthorsK Hughes, K C Lun, S P Sothy, A C Thai, W P Leong, P B Yeo
JournalInternational journal of epidemiology (Int J Epidemiol) Vol. 21 Issue 3 Pg. 473-7 (Jun 1992) ISSN: 0300-5771 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID1634308 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Arcus Senilis (epidemiology, ethnology)
  • China (ethnology)
  • Coronary Disease (epidemiology, ethnology)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India (ethnology)
  • Malaysia (ethnology)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Factors
  • Singapore (epidemiology)

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