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Occlusion of a broncho-cutaneous fistula with endobronchial one-way valves.

Abstract
Bronchopleural and broncho-cutaneous fistulas can be problematic after lobectomy for tumors or aspergillomas. Closure of the air leak and treatment of infection are essential to allow the fistula to heal. The initial treatment can usually proceed along standard lines, but if the fistula persists, then treatment can be problematic. This report is the first description of the use of multiple Emphasys Medical endobronchial valve prostheses (Emphasys Medical, Inc, CA) to control a previously intractable broncho-cutaneous fistula. The valves have been specifically designed for airway placement as part of a therapeutic approach to severe emphysema. The advantages of using valves in this situation are discussed.
AuthorsGregory I Snell, Lynda Holsworth, Sue Fowler, Leif Eriksson, Anna Reed, Fredy J Daniels, Trevor J Williams
JournalThe Annals of thoracic surgery (Ann Thorac Surg) Vol. 80 Issue 5 Pg. 1930-2 (Nov 2005) ISSN: 1552-6259 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID16242492 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Topics
  • Bronchial Fistula (etiology, therapy)
  • Bronchoscopy (methods)
  • Cutaneous Fistula (etiology, therapy)
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Stents

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