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Normalization of reversed bio-intact-PTH(1-84)/intact-PTH ratio after parathyroidectomy in a patient with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Abstract
The conventional intact-PTH assay detects both (1-84)-PTH and C-terminal fragments. The newer PTH assays, bio-intact-PTH assay and whole-PTH assay, use an antibody that binds only if the first amino acid is present, making it specific for the complete molecule, (1-84)-PTH. Thus, the intact-PTH concentrations are theoretically higher than bio-intact-PTH concentrations, and the ratio of bio-intact-PTH/intact-PTH is usually less than 1. These findings are observed in normal subjects and patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Here we present a hemodialysis patient with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism who was found to have abnormally higher plasma bio-intact-PTH concentrations than intact-PTH concentrations, and the abnormally high biointact-PTH/intact-PTH ratio improved after parathyroidectomy (PTx). The patient was a 67-year-old man on maintenance hemodialysis since 1995. Since 2003, he was found to have high plasma intact-PTH concentrations and two swollen parathyroid glands in the neck. PTx with forearm autograft was performed in October 2003. Before PTx, an abnormally high ratio of bio-intact-PTH/intact-PTH was detected (840 pg/ml/770 pg/ml, > 1), while the same ratio was improved to normal range (100 pg/ml/200 pg/ml, < 1). Recently, a few patients with parathyroid carcinoma have been found to have higher (1-84)-PTH concentrations than intact-PTH concentrations with abnormally high (1-84)-PTH/intact-PTH ratio. Moreover, a new molecular form of PTH distinct from (1-84)-PTH was detected in these patients. We speculate that the resected parathyroid gland in our patient might have produced a new molecular form of PTH that was less well detected by the conventional intact-PTH assay.
AuthorsM Tanaka, K Itoh, K Matsushita, K Matsushita, H Fujii, M Fukagawa
JournalClinical nephrology (Clin Nephrol) Vol. 64 Issue 1 Pg. 69-72 (Jul 2005) ISSN: 0301-0430 [Print] Germany
PMID16047648 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Parathyroid Hormone
Topics
  • Aged
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary (blood, surgery)
  • Male
  • Parathyroid Hormone (blood)
  • Parathyroidectomy

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