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Tumor-infiltrating dendritic cell subsets of progressive or regressive tumors induce suppressive or protective immune responses.

Abstract
Tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells (TID) have an ambivalent role in regulation of tumor regression or growth. However, their precise natures and molecular mechanisms have not been elucidated. In this study, we studied TIDs recruited in progressive P815 and regressive P198 tumors of the same origin. Our data showed that P815 tumors contained CD4+ 8+ and CD4- 8- TID815 subsets, whereas P198 tumors contained CD4+ 8+ and CD4+ 8- TID198 subsets. They similarly stimulate allogeneic T cell proliferation and have nitric oxide-mediated cytotoxicity to tumor cells with an exception of CD4- 8- TID815 with less efficiency. The newly identified fourth CD4+ 8+ TID815 or TID198 subset and the CD4+ 8- TID198 all express high levels of IFN-gamma and interleukin (IL)-6, whereas CD4- 8- TID815 secrete a marked level of transforming growth factor-beta. Vaccination of mice with P815 tumor lysate-pulsed CD4+ 8+ TID815 or TID198 and CD4+ 8- TID198 induced IFN-gamma-secreting Th1 and effective CTL responses leading to protective immunity against P815 tumor, whereas CD4- 8- TID815 stimulated IL-10-expressing Tr1 responses leading to immune suppression. Transfer of CD4+ Tr1 cells obtained from CD4- 8- TID815-immunized wild-type, but not IL-10(-/-) mice, into CD4+ 8+ TID815 immunized mice abolished otherwise inevitable development of antitumor immunity. Taken together, our findings provide an important insight into immunologic alterations in progressive and regressive tumors and an implication for dendritic cell-based approaches in the design of cancer vaccines.
AuthorsYongqing Liu, Xuguang Bi, Shulin Xu, Jim Xiang
JournalCancer research (Cancer Res) Vol. 65 Issue 11 Pg. 4955-62 (Jun 1 2005) ISSN: 0008-5472 [Print] United States
PMID15930318 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Cytokines
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte
  • Interleukin-10
Topics
  • Animals
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes (immunology)
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes (immunology)
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cytokines (biosynthesis, immunology)
  • Dendritic Cells (immunology)
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte (immunology)
  • Interleukin-10 (immunology, secretion)
  • Leukemia L1210 (immunology, pathology)
  • Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed
  • Mastocytoma (immunology, pathology)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred DBA
  • Neoplasms, Experimental (immunology, pathology)
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets (immunology)
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic (immunology)
  • Th1 Cells (immunology)

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