Feasibility report for retreatment of locally recurrent head-and-neck cancers by combined brachy-chemotherapy using frameless image-guided 3D interstitial brachytherapy.

Brachytherapy re-irradiation may offer an alternative re-treatment of recurrent head-and-neck cancer even after previous full dose radiation therapy. The purposes of this study were to determine the feasibility and accuracy of frameless image-guided interstitial needle implantation.
Between January 2000 and March 2003, 14 patients with biopsy-proven locally recurrent head-and-neck-cancer were retreated after previous full dose irradiation with combined external beam-brachytherapy with concomitant chemotherapy. Brachytherapy needle implantation was virtually planned taking into account the surrounding risk structures. Needles were implanted using an adapted frameless navigation system. Chemoradiotherapy was followed by 2-4 courses of chemotherapy every fourth week starting 4 weeks after the end of brachytherapy.
The 1- and 2-year local control rates were 78% and 57%, respectively. Local control was obtained in 8/14 patients. The actuarial 1- and 2-year survival rates were 83% and 64%, respectively. The median survival was 28 months after a median follow-up of 21 months (range, 8-53). Six weeks after brachytherapy, 1 patient developed localized soft tissue necrosis which did not require surgical intervention. No additional grade III or IV late toxicity was seen after re-irradiation. Mean deviation of image-guided needle implantation was 3.4 mm for each needle (SD, 1.9 mm; range, 0.5-14 mm). The mean deviation of all needles of an implant was 4.3 mm (range, 2.3-8.6 mm).
These data demonstrate that pulsed-dose-rate brachytherapy in combination with sequential chemotherapy is effective and safe in re-irradiation of locally recurrent oropharyngeal carcinomas and can be offered to patients with curative intent. Image guidance allows virtual planning and navigated implantation of brachytherapy needles with regard to optimized needle distribution and risk structures.
AuthorsRobert C Krempien, Christian Grehn, Claudia Haag, Anika Straulino, Frank W Hensley, Bibiana Kotrikova, Christof Hofele, Juergen Debus, Wolfgang Harms
JournalBrachytherapy (Brachytherapy) Vol. 4 Issue 2 Pg. 154-62 ( 2005) ISSN: 1538-4721 [Print] United States
PMID15893270 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Biopsy
  • Brachytherapy (instrumentation)
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell (diagnosis, mortality, therapy)
  • Equipment Design
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms (diagnosis, mortality, therapy)
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Needles
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local (diagnosis, mortality, therapy)
  • Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed (methods)
  • Treatment Outcome

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