N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-proline: an in vitro and in vivo inhibitor of prolidase.

Prolidase deficiency (PD) is a recessive disorder of the connective tissue caused by mutations in the prolidase, a specific peptidase, cleaving the dipeptides with a C-terminal prolyl and hydroxyprolyl residue. PD is a complex syndrome characterized mainly by intractable skin lesions, recurrent respiratory infections and mental retardation. The relation between prolidase biological functions and the disease is still largely unknown. We studied the effect of a prolidase inhibitor, N-benzyloxycarbonyl-l-proline (Cbz-Pro), in vitro on prolidase from human fibroblasts and in vivo on murine erythrocytes prolidase. A 90% inhibition was detected incubating cellular extracts at 1:1 ratio of Gly-Pro substrate: Cbz-Pro inhibitor. Pulse experiments performed incubating human fibroblasts with 6 mM Cbz-Pro revealed that the inhibitor uptake was completed in about 1 min. The Cbz-Pro uptake was saturable and pH dependent. Long-term incubation of fibroblasts with Cbz-Pro caused mitochondria depolarization and increased cellular death as reported for long-term culture of fibroblasts from PD patients. An inhibitory effect of Cbz-Pro has also been shown in vivo. Our results demonstrated that Cbz-Pro is a potent inhibitor of prolidase in cultured fibroblasts and it can be used in vivo to better characterize the prolidase enzyme and further investigate PD physiopathology.
AuthorsAnna Lupi, Antonio Rossi, Patrizia Vaghi, Angelo Gallanti, Giuseppe Cetta, Antonella Forlino
JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta (Biochim Biophys Acta) Vol. 1744 Issue 2 Pg. 157-63 (Jun 30 2005) ISSN: 0006-3002 [Print] Netherlands
PMID15878628 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • carbobenzoxyproline
  • Proline
  • Dipeptidases
  • proline dipeptidase
  • Fluorescein
  • Animals
  • Cell Death (drug effects)
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival (drug effects)
  • Dipeptidases (antagonists & inhibitors, genetics)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Erythrocytes (drug effects)
  • Fibroblasts (drug effects, metabolism)
  • Fluorescein
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Membrane Potentials (drug effects)
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Mitochondria (physiology)
  • Proline (analogs & derivatives, metabolism, pharmacology)
  • Time Factors

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