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The effectiveness of planned esophagectomy after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for advanced esophageal carcinomas.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
The best treatment option for patients with locally advanced esophageal carcinoma has not yet been determined, especially because the benefits of esophagectomy after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy are still controversial. We report the results of a retrospective cohort comparison of definitive chemoradiotherapy without surgery (CRT) versus neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by planned surgery (CRTS) in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Between January 1991 and December 2002, 67 patients were enrolled in this study. Fifty of the 67 patients were considered to have inoperable tumors due to distant organ metastasis, distant lymph node metastasis, severe organ dysfunction or rejection of surgery by the patient and received CRT, while the remaining 17 patients were treated with CRTS. The clinical responses of the primary tumors were evaluated.
RESULTS:
In the 50 CRT patients, the one- and 2-year survival rates were 33.8% and 20.2%, respectively, and the median survival time (MST) was 13.5 months. In the 17 CRTS patients, the response rate (CR + PR) was 76.5%, and the pathological complete response (pCR) rate was 29.4%. Their one- and 2-year survival rates were 61.6% and 35.9%, respectively, and the MST was 24.4 months. The survival rates of the CRT patients were lower than those of the CRTS patients (p = 0.1288). When the 12 patients with distant organ metastases were removed from the CRT group, the one- and 2-year survival rates of the remaining 38 patients were 36.5% and 24.1%, respectively, and the MST was 14.7 months. The survival rates of these 38 CRT patients without distant organ metastases were similar to those of the 12 CRTS patients in the pathological partial response (pPR) group (p = 0.6279).
CONCLUSION:
This retrospective cohort comparison of CRT versus CRTS demonstrated that there may not be any survival benefit from the addition of surgery in the pPR group for advanced esophageal carcinomas. For patients with a poor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, we suggest that the addition of chemoradiotherapy, instead of planned esophagectomy, may show a similar survival rate to definitive CRT. Thus, a large series of a randomized control study will be required to confirm the benefit of surgery after chemoradiotherapy.
AuthorsHiroyuki Kato, Minoru Fukuchi, Ryokuhei Manda, Ahmad Faried, Junko Takita, Masanobu Nakajima, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Makoto Sohda, Yasuyuki Fukai, Norihiro Masuda, Katsuhiko Tsukada, Hiroyuki Kuwano
JournalAnticancer research (Anticancer Res) 2004 Nov-Dec Vol. 24 Issue 6 Pg. 4091-6 ISSN: 0250-7005 [Print] Greece
PMID15736457 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Topics
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell (drug therapy, radiotherapy, surgery)
  • Cohort Studies
  • Esophageal Neoplasms (drug therapy, radiotherapy, surgery)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome

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